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VN spares no effort to protect and promote human rights: DPM

VGP – “Viet Nam spares no effort to protect and promote human rights; contribute to general values of the mankind in human rights” is the title of an article written by Deputy PM Pham Binh Minh on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Deputy PM Pham Binh Minh

According to Deputy PM Minh, rising from wars, Viet Nam has made uninterrupted efforts to build a socialist state with the rule of law, which is of the people, by the people and for the people.

The country’s decades of efforts to fight for national independence and reunification aim to ensure all Vietnamese people can enjoy their human rights to the fullest, including those of living in peace, independence and freedom, and of deciding their destiny and development path, he said.

The adoption of the Constitution 2013, with an exclusive chapter on human rights and citizen rights and obligations, and of the over 90 subsequent legal documents related to human rights within the four years were significant efforts to create an important legal framework for the protection of human rights and citizenship, he added.

Viet Nam has spared no effort to improve the institutional system and create material facilities to better ensure human rights. All socio-economic development projects, programs and strategies are built on the people-centered and people-oriented basis.

These endeavors have brought positive outcomes in ensuring human rights in various fields from economy, society, and culture to civil affairs and politics, the Deputy PM said.

Viet Nam is one of the countries to successfully implement many UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) ahead of schedule and is effectively carrying out the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).

Viet Nam has maintained an annual economic growth of over 6% for many consecutive years and still paid due attention to social development.

The rights to education, health care and accommodation have been strongly improved with universal preschool and primary school education in all the 63 cities and provinces. The right to gender equality has been promoted with the rate of female deputies in the National Assembly and the People’s Councils at all levels standing at 27%, relatively high compared to other countries in the region.

In addition to the achievements, Viet Nam has made active contributions to the world’s common, positive and progressive values of human rights.

Viet Nam is actively involved at human rights forums of the United Nations (UN), the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and other mechanisms, during which the Southeast Asian country proactively puts forth initiatives on human rights and receives warm welcome from the international community, especially those on the rights of women, children, people with disabilities, and people vulnerable to climate change.

In 2016 and 2018, Viet Nam tabled two resolutions on the impact of climate change on the rights of children and women, which were adopted by the UN Human Rights Council.

Viet Nam is also seriously implementing international commitments on human rights, including the enforcement of seven out of the nine treaties – to which Viet Nam is a member – and commitments under the UN Universal Periodic Review (UPR).

The country has submitted its third-cycle UPR national report updating its efforts in improving the legal system and human rights policies. It is scheduled to participate in a dialogue with other member nations in January 2019.

To better ensure the rights of the people in the coming time, Viet Nam will double efforts to perfect the state with the rule of law, strengthen the legal foundation and policies related to the protection and promotion of human rights, according to Deputy PM Minh.

The country will speed up the administrative reforms and improvements to the quality of public services as well as the prevention of corruption, promotion of democracy, and enhancement of the State apparatus operation.

The Deputy PM stressed that Viet Nam is committed to promoting the implementation of the SDGs, focusing on sustainable poverty reduction policies and narrowing the development gaps between geographical areas and population groups, especially the vulnerable.

The country will continue supporting dialogues and cooperation in the field of human rights and work with other nations worldwide to promote the rights of the people, he affirmed./.

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